5 things to do in the garden this week, June 22-28

1. Counterintuitive cuttings

This one may come as a surprise to many of us who tend to cut our lawns as low as possible in summer. However, this is when we should set the mower blades to cut at three inches. With longer blades of grass, the lawn will actually use less water and will be less likely to burn or die back in patches. Also, the longer blades will help keep out weeds.

2. Mulch ado

Mulching makes a huge difference around landscape plants and in vegetable gardens. It holds water so the soil has a more uniform moisture level. It permits better availability of soil nutrients. It reduces weed germination, and helps to keep plant diseases from spreading. It looks good, too. However, it must be kept at a depth of about three inches and needs to be replenished at least once a year. Any mulch that does not contain redwood is ideal for roses and most other plants. Redwood mulches are best for pathways.

3. Pots and plants

Potted plants need extra attention a few times each summer, because the soil mix shrinks away from the sides of the container. As a result, water quickly runs down the inside of the pot and out the drainage holes at the bottom – without soaking into the soil. As a consequence, the plants will stop growing and may wilt or die. So add a little extra soil mix to your containers, and work it down around the outer edges of the soil ball to fill in the space. That will give water time to soak in and help your plants thrive.

4. Bamboo shaping

Trim back overgrown heavenly bamboo plants (Nandina) – but don’t just cut them into bundles of sticks like so many gardeners seem to be doing these days. Instead, retain their graceful, natural, feathery look by selectively pruning out stems that have grown too long. It’s easier than you might think. One at a time, select up to a third of the individual stems that have grown too long and follow them down to a point several inches below the height you want them to be, then cut each one off at that point. New sprouts will arise from the cut stems. Your plants will still be leafy and beautiful, will stay in bounds, and still have that natural, graceful shape.

5. Support your hibiscus

It’s time once again to start an aggressive defense against the onslaught of giant whiteflies on hibiscus and other ornamental plants. Giant whiteflies are the tiny white moth-like creatures that produce a thick mat of sticky white “hairs” on the underside of leaves of many plants, as their larval nymphs suck out plant juices. Leaves die and fall off, and plants become weaker and weaker. Control with strong water sprays on the undersides of leaves, every other day for one or two weeks, or apply Bayer Advanced 12 Month Tree & Shrub Insect Control to the soil around infested plants. It is effective, easy to apply, and safe when used as directed.

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Disneyland and Lyft become rideshare partners as Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge reservation period comes to an end

Disneyland is launching a rideshare partnership with Lyft just as the reservation-only period for the popular new Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge comes to an end and an influx of additional vehicles is expected to stream into the Anaheim theme park resort.

Disneyland announced that the Lyft rideshare partnership will begin today, June 18, just a few days before the Galaxy’s Edge reservation-only period ends June 23. Disney is rushing to complete a new parking structure in time to absorb the anticipated increase in visitors.

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Taxis, Uber and other rideshare operators will continue to be able to use the Disneyland pickup/dropoff area on Harbor Boulevard, Lyft officials said. Competitors won’t be able to drop off and pick up riders at designated Lyft locations that will be marked by signs.

“O.C. locals and tourists can say goodbye to the days of parking ‘far, far away’ to visit Disneyland and the new Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge,” Lyft said in a prepared statement.

The “far, far away” 10,000-space Mickey and Friends parking structure is approximately 1/2 mile by tram from the Disneyland entrance and 3/4 mile by foot through Downtown Disney. The 6,500-space Pixar Pals parking structure is expected to open next door sometime between late June and late July. The Toy Story lot is approximately 3/4 mile by Disney shuttle bus.

Disneyland has designated visitor, taxi and rideshare service pick-up and drop-off areas in the Harbor Boulevard drop-off lot (north of Disney Way) and the Downtown Disney parking lot (with a 15-minute grace period).

In January, Disneyland raised daily parking rates 25 percent to $25, making ride sharing for theme park visitors in central Orange County an increasingly attractive alternative. For a fee, the ride sharing services eliminate the time-consuming hassles of parking trams and garages while offering the allure of a door-to-door driver service at your beck and call.

Lyft has been working with Walt Disney World since 2017 on Disney’s Minnie Van service, which has transported more than 1 million visitors at the Florida resort.

Locally, Lyft has rideshare partnerships with the Honda Center, Hollywood Bowl and Santa Monica Pier. In recent years, San Clemente has partnered with Lyft to fill gaps in bus routes. Nationally, the rideshare company has entered into partnerships with the Cleveland Indians, Hilton hotels and the Denver area’s Red Rocks amphitheater.

The new Star Wars: Galaxy’s Edge debuted May 31 at Disneyland. During the reservation-only period, Disneyland is restricting visitors to a 4-hour time limit in Galaxy’s Edge through June 23. Starting June 24, Disneyland visitors who want to explore Galaxy’s Edge will need to log into the Disneyland app to secure a boarding pass in a virtual queuing system.

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Trump threatens to deport millions beginning next week


WASHINGTON  — President Donald Trump is threatening to remove millions of people living in the country illegally on the eve of formally announcing his re-election bid.

In a pair of tweets Monday night, Trump said that U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement would next week “begin the process of removing the millions of illegal aliens who have illicitly found their way into the United States.”

“They will be removed as fast as they come in,” he wrote.

An administration official said the effort would focus on the more than 1 million people who have been issued final deportation orders by federal judges but remain at large in the country. The official spoke on condition of anonymity to explain the president’s tweets.

It is unusual for law enforcement agencies to announce raids before they take place. Some in Trump’s administration believe that decisive shows of force — like mass arrests — can serve as effective deterrents, sending a message to those considering making the journey to the U.S. that it’s not worth coming.

Trump has threatened a series of increasingly drastic actions as he has tried to stem the flow of Central American migrants crossing the southern border, which has risen dramatically on his watch. He recently dropped a threat to slap tariffs on Mexico after the country agreed to dispatch its national guard and step-up coordination and enforcement efforts.

A senior Mexican official said Monday that, three weeks ago, about 4,200 migrants were arriving at the U.S. border daily. Now that number has dropped to about 2,600.

Immigration was a central theme of Trump’s 2016 campaign and he is expected to hammer it as he tries to fire up his base heading into the 2020 campaign.

Trump will formally launch his re-election bid Tuesday night at a rally in Orlando, Florida — a state that is crucial to his path back to the White House.

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Two-truck crash on streets of La Mirada leaves one driver seriously injured

LA MIRADA — A big rig carrying liquid nitrogen and a box truck crashed on a La Mirada street Friday morning, and one of the drivers was freed from the wreckage.

Deputies responded about 12:30 a.m. to the crash scene at the intersection of Gannet Street and Valley View Avenue, according to the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Norwalk Station.

One of the drivers was freed from the wreckage by firefighters, but it was unclear which truck he was driving. The driver was taken to a hospital with serious injuries, the sheriff’s department said.

The big rig was carrying liquid nitrogen, but there was no spill, the LASD said.

The cause of the crash was under investigation.

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3-story home under construction burns in Hermosa Beach, spreads to other homes; suspect detained

HERMOSA BEACH — A person was questioned by arson investigators Thursday morning after a two-alarm fire damaged a three-story home under construction in Hermosa Beach and spread to four other nearby homes before it was extinguished.

“It’s not unusual for someone to possibly stick around in an arson case,” Inspector Brian Stevens of the Los Angeles County Fire Department told ABC7. “Right now, this is under investigation, it’s not deemed an arson yet. But, the L.A. County Fire Department Arson Unit does have someone detained and they are going to be questioning him on the cause.”

The fire was first reported about 2 a.m. near the intersection of Eighth Street and Hermosa Avenue, officials said.

This fire in #HermosaBeach destroyed one home under construction & damaged 4 others nearby. Photo by JB Mitchell. @KNX1070 pic.twitter.com/gBqWjkrayD

— Jon Baird (@KNXBaird) June 13, 2019

BREAKING: House under construction caught fire in Hermosa Beach this morning along the 800 block of the Strand. Details on @CBSLA at 4:30a with @tina_patel . Photo by @AmandaSains pic.twitter.com/uAsiMaNnPw

— CBSLA Assignment Desk (@KCBSKCALDesk) June 13, 2019

Knockdown was declared about 3.a.m.

Video from the scene showed flames on nearby homes. Four homes were damaged and some residents were briefly evacuated, Stevens said.

No injuries were reported.

So scary!! Hermosa beach fire pic.twitter.com/QOLgiw3m8O

— Amanda Sains (@AmandaSains) June 13, 2019

#BREAKING Fire tears through 3-story beachfront home under construction in Hermosa Beach, 4 neighboring homes also damaged — person-of-interest detained as possible arson suspect. UPDATES on @ABC7 LIVE NEWSCAST: https://t.co/a8eFAqjJ8p (video courtesy: Key Write) pic.twitter.com/X8yTIrMgDP

— Marc Cota-Robles (@abc7marccr) June 13, 2019


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Tankers targeted near Strait of Hormuz amid Iran-U.S. tensions


DUBAI, United Arab Emirates — Two oil tankers near the strategic Strait of Hormuz were damaged in suspected attacks on Thursday, an assault that left one ablaze and adrift as sailors were evacuated from both vessels and the U.S. Navy rushed to assist amid heightened tensions between Washington and Tehran.

The Navy and the ship’s owners offered no immediate explanation on what weapon caused the damage to the MT Front Altair and the Kokuka Courageous in the Gulf of Oman off the coast of Iran, though all believed the ships had been targeted in an attack.

It marks the latest mysterious incident to target the region’s oil tankers. The U.S. alleged that Iran used limpet mines to attack four oil tankers off the nearby Emirati port of Fujairah last month. Iran has denied being involved, but it comes as Iranian-backed rebels in Yemen also have launched missile and drone attacks on Saudi Arabia.

Meanwhile in Iran, Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei warned that while Tehran doesn’t seek nuclear weapons, “America could not do anything” to stop Iran if it did.

The comments came during a one-on-one meeting capping Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s high-stakes visit in Tehran that sought to ease Iran-U.S. tensions, suggested the efforts had failed.

Benchmark Brent crude spiked at one point by as much 4% in trading following the suspected attack, to over $62 a barrel, highlighting how crucial the area remains to global energy supplies. A third of all oil traded by sea passes through the strait, which is the narrow mouth of the Persian Gulf.

Cmdr. Joshua Frey, a 5th Fleet spokesman, said the U.S. Navy was assisting the two vessels that he described as being hit in a “reported attack.” He did not say how the ships were attacked or who was suspected of being behind the assault.

Dryad Global, a maritime intelligence firm, preliminarily identified one of the vessels involved as the MT Front Altair, a Marshall Islands-flagged crude oil tanker. The vessel was “on fire and adrift,” Dryad added. It did not offer a cause for the incident or mention the second ship.

The firm that operates the Front Altair told The Associated Press that an explosion was the cause of the fire onboard. International Tanker Management declined to comment further saying they are still investigating what caused the explosion. Its crew of 23 is safe after being evacuated by the nearby Hyundai Dubai vessel, it said.

The second vessel was identified as the Kokuka Courageous. BSM Ship Management said it sustained hull damage and 21 sailors had been evacuated, with one suffering minor injuries. Iranian state television said 44 sailors from the two tankers have been transferred to an Iranian port in the southern province of Hormozgan.

The timing of Thursday’s suspected attack was especially sensitive as Abe’s high-stakes diplomacy mission was underway in Iran. Japan’s Trade Ministry said the two vessels had “Japan-related cargo.”

On Wednesday, after talks with Iranian President Hassan Rouhani, Abe warned that any “accidental conflict” that could be sparked amid the heightened U.S.-Iran tensions must be avoided.

His message came just hours after Yemen’s Iranian-backed Houthi rebels attacked a Saudi airport, striking its arrivals hall before dawn and wounding 26 people Wednesday.

A statement published by Khamenei’s website after Abe’s meeting Thursday with the supreme leader suggested a tense exchange between the two.

“We have no doubt about your good will and seriousness, but … I don’t regard (President Donald) Trump as deserving any exchange of messages,” Khamenei reportedly told Abe.

Khamenei also said Iran remained opposed to building atomic weapons, but offered a challenge to Trump.

“You should know that if we planned to produce nuclear weapons, America could not do anything,” said Khamenei, who has final say on all matters of state in Iran’s Shiite theocracy.

In Tokyo, Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Yoshihide Suga, a top government spokesman, told reporters that Abe’s trip was intended to help de-escalate Mideast tensions — not specifically mediate between Tehran and Washington. His remarks were apparently meant to downplay and lower expectations amid uncertain prospects for Abe’s mission.

Tensions have escalated in the Mideast as Iran appears poised to break the 2015 nuclear deal with world powers, an accord that the Trump administration pulled out of last year.

Iran’s nuclear deal, reached in 2015 by China, Russia, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the U.S., saw Tehran agree to limit its enrichment of uranium in exchange for the lifting of crippling sanctions. Western powers feared Iran’s atomic program could allow it to build nuclear weapons, although Iran long has insisted its program was for peaceful purposes.

In withdrawing from the deal last year, Trump pointed to the accord not limiting Iran’s ballistic missile program and not addressing what American officials describe as Tehran’s malign influence across the wider Middle East. Those who struck the deal at the time described it as a building block toward further negotiations with Iran, whose Islamic government has had a tense relationship with America since the 1979 takeover of the U.S. Embassy in Tehran and subsequent hostage crisis.

Already, Iran says it quadrupled its production of low-enriched uranium. Meanwhile, U.S. sanctions have cut off opportunities for Iran to trade its excess uranium and heavy water abroad, putting Tehran on course to violate terms of the nuclear deal regardless.

Associated Press writers Aya Batrawy in Dubai, Mari Yamaguchi in Tokyo and Amir Vahdat in Tehran, Iran, contributed to this report.

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ALDI ranked best grocery for curtailing plastics, but Greenpeace says none are doing enough

Southern California supermarkets ranked high in their efforts to eliminate single-use plastics, but they still aren’t doing nearly enough, according to a new report by Greenpeace.

ALDI topped the list of 20 of the countries largest groceries surveyed, followed by Kroger — which owns Ralphs and Food 4 Less — Albertsons, Trader Joe’s, Sprouts and Walmart.

But even ALDI received just 35 points out of 100 possible on the scorecard. While Greenpeace praised some of the company’s efforts, the ardent environmental advocacy group scolded all of the stores for not doing enough.

“Grocery retailers across the country sell obscene amounts of products in throwaway plastics every single day, yet none of them are acting with the urgency needed to address the pollution crisis they’re causing,” said Greenpeace David Pinsky.

Worldwide, less than 10 percent of plastics are recycled. With China phasing out the importation of recyclable plastics, Nos. 3 through 7 are increasing ending up in California landfills. Plastic packaging wrap is rarely recycled.

Pinsky also said that more aggressive policies by the supermarkets would “pressure consumer goods companies like Nestle, Coca-Cola and Unilever to act as well.”

The lowest ranking Southern California grocery was WinCo Foods at No. 17. The company has just 14 stores in region. The next lowest in Southern California was Whole Foods at No. 11.

Target ranked seventh and Costco ranked eighth out of the 20 companies in the report.

Greenpeace based its scores on policies, initiatives, plastic reduction and transparency in terms of how well it communicates its plastics-reduction goals and strategies to the public.

“ALDI is one of three profiled retailers with a specific public reduction target and one of only two profiled retailers to receive a passing score in the transparency category,” according to the study. “While ALDI still failed, it appears headed in the right direction.”

When told that Greenpeace had included ALDI in its criticism that all the groceries it looked at fell short, company spokewoman Bonnie Efird noted that “by 2025, 100 percent of ALDI packaging, including plastic packaging, will be reusable, recyclable or compostable. The commitment also includes a reduction in packaging material across its entire range by at least 15 percent.”

Whole Foods is often seen as one of the more environmentally sensitive groceries and last year ranked first in Greenpeace’s study of seafood sustainability, two points Greenpeace notes in its new plastics report. Additionally, the chain banned single-use plastic carryout bags in 2008 and last month announced it was phasing out plastic straws.

“However, aside from its recent straws announcement, Whole Foods has largely been quiet on its website regarding single-use plastics,” the report says. “Whole Foods did not provide any information on its overall plastic footprint, and it is unclear if it will do so in the future.”

Whole Foods, Kroger and WinCo Foods did not respond to requests for comment.

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Lifeguard tower built from plastic waste offers glimpse of future

The lifeguard tower being built Saturday on Bruce’s Beach in Manhattan Beach is not just another oceanfront lookout.

The tower, erected as part of that beach’s World Oceans Day activities, could part of the solution to the scourge of plastic pollution, a large portion of which ends up in the ocean.

That’s because the structure was built with bricks made from discarded plastic.

While most recycled plastic uses require a specific chemical makeup, the innovative ByFusion bricks used Saturday can be made with any mix of recyclable plastics — Nos. 1 through 7 — except for polystyrene. They don’t need to be pre-washed or sorted, according to company literature. And these “ByBlocks” are stronger than cinder blocks and can be similarly covered with paneling or stucco.

“The waste management-recycling industry is in a critical state and must change to meet the shifting market,” ByFusion CEO Heidi Kujawa said of the opportunities driving the company’s vision. “We’re entering the market at a pivotal time.”

Less than 10 percent of plastics worldwide are recycled and with China phasing out the import of recyclables, the market is rapidly shrinking. In California, plastics Nos. 3 through 7 are increasingly ending up in the landfill because of the dwindling international demand and the lack of domestic markets.

The state’s landfill diversion rate was 50 percent in 2014. But that was down to 42 percent by 2017 (the last year for which statistics are available) because of increased consumerism generated by a strong economy and a shrinking demand for recyclables.

Niche product?

Sacramento lawmakers are considering several additional measures to reduce plastic use and increase domestic recyclable markets, but ByFusion’s machines that transform scrap plastic into construction bricks are a step ahead of the new laws.

The company, founded in New Zealand in 2015 and about to open Los Angeles operations, is debuting its technology with plans to make it publicly available by the end of the year. Aside from a portable one-room office built from ByFusion bricks in New Zealand, the Manhattan Beach lifeguard tower and a school pavilion under construction in Kauai are the first structures built using ByBlocks.

Santa Monica-based Heal the Bay, which helped organize a cleanup at Bruce’s Beach on Saturday, applauded ByFusion’s efforts but questioned how big of a recycler it will prove to be.

“I think this is a niche product,” said Emily Parker, a marine scientist with the non-profit environmental group. “I don’t think all our buildings are going to be built from this.”

Parker noted that Heal the Bay’s emphasis is on reducing the use of plastics altogether rather than on reuse.

ByFusion’s Kujawa acknowledged that “not every building will be built using ByBlocks.” But she also said the product has widespread applications and the company would be publicizing possible uses in the months ahead.

Besides end uses for the ByBlocks, the company also is exploring sources for the waste that goes into making them. For instance, the company has teamed with Channel Island Surfboards and Sustainable Surf to explore recycling waste from the surfboard manufacturing process.

“This has the potential to recycle all of the surfboard foam waste in California, thus eliminating one of the biggest waste streams in surfboard manufacturing,” said Kevin Whilden, co-founder of Sustainable Surf, a non-profit that certifies environmentally friendly surfboards.

Transformation machine

A machine dubbed The Blocker is responsible for turning the plastic debris into construction material. It shreds the plastic then uses “super-heated” water and compression to make the ByBlocks.

“The retail prices will be comparable to common hollow cinder blocks but only produce a fraction of the greenhouse gases,” Kujawa said. There are no chemicals or adhesives added in the process.

But while ByFusion is touting its bricks with promotional activities such as the lifeguard tower construction, its also trying to arouse interest in The Blocker machines its selling to make them. Kujawa said the company is currently talking to potential manufacturers of the machines in the United States and hopes to have some in use by the end of the year.

Customers are expected to be recycling centers, waste management facilities and municipalities, she said.

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D-Day 75: Nations honor veterans, memory of fallen troops


OMAHA BEACH, France — With the silence of remembrance and respect, nations honored the memory of the fallen and the singular bravery of all Allied troops who sloshed through bloodied water to the landing beaches of Normandy, a tribute of thanks 75 years after the massive D-Day assault that doomed the Nazi occupation of France and portended the fall of Hitler’s Third Reich.

French President Emmanuel Macron and President Donald Trump praised the soldiers and airmen, the survivors and those who lost their lives, in powerful speeches Thursday that credited the June 6, 1944 surprise air and sea operation that brought tens of thousands of men to Normandy, each not knowing whether he would survive the day.

“You are the pride of our nation, you are the glory of our republic and we thank you from the bottom of our heart,” Trump said, of the “warriors” of an “epic battle” engaged in the ultimate fight of good against evil.

In his speech, Macron praised the “unthinkable courage,” ”the generosity” of the soldiers and “the strength of spirit” that made them press on “to help men and women they didn’t know, to liberate a land most hadn’t seen before, for no other cause but freedom, democracy.”

He expressed France’s debt to the United States for freeing his country from the reign of the Nazis. Macron awarded five American veterans with the Chevalier of Legion of Honor, France’s highest award.

“We know what we owe to you vets, our freedom,” he said, switching from French to English. “On behalf of my nation I just want to say ‘thank you.’”

Nearly 160,000 Allied troops landed in Normandy on D-Day. Of those 73,000 were from the United States, 83,000 from Britain and Canada.

The second day of ceremonies moved to France after spirited commemorations in Portsmouth, England, the main embarkation point for the transport boats.

Leaders, veterans, their families and the grateful from France, Europe and elsewhere were present for the solemn day that began under a radiant sun.

At dawn, hundreds of people, civilians and military alike, hailing from around the world, gathered at the water’s edge, remembering the troops who stormed the fortified Normandy beaches to help turn the tide of the war and give birth to a new Europe.

Dick Jansen, 60, from the Netherlands, drank Canadian whisky from an enamel cup on the water’s edge. Others scattered carnations into the waves. Randall Atanay, a medic’s son who tended the dying and injured, waded barefoot into the water near Omaha Beach — the first of five code-named beaches where the waters ran red the morning of June 6, 1944.

Up to 12,000 people gathered hours later at the ceremony at the Normandy American Cemetery, where Macron and Trump spoke. U.S. veterans, their numbers fast diminishing as years pass, were the guests of honor.

Rows of white crosses and Stars of David where more than 9,380 of the fallen are buried stretched before the guests on a bluff overlooking Omaha Beach.

Britain’s Prince Charles, his wife Camilla and Prime Minister Theresa May attended a service of remembrance at the medieval cathedral in Bayeux, the first Normandy town liberated by Allied troops after D-Day. Cardinal Marc Ouellet read a message from Pope Francis with a tribute for those who “gave their lives for freedom and peace.”

At daybreak, a lone piper played in Mulberry Harbor, exactly 75 years after British troops came ashore at Gold Beach.

“It is sobering, surreal to be able to stand here on this beach and admire the beautiful sunrise where they came ashore, being shot at, facing unspeakable atrocities,” said 44-year-old former U.S. paratrooper Richard Clapp, of Julian, North Carolina.

Gratitude was a powerful common theme.

Macron thanked those who did not survive the assault “so that France could become free again” at an earlier ceremony overlooking Gold Beach with British Prime Minister Theresa May and uniformed veterans to lay the cornerstone of a new memorial that will record the names of thousands of troops under British command who died on D-Day and ensuing Battle of Normandy.

“If one day can be said to have determined the fate of generations to come, in France, in Britain, in Europe and the world, that day was the 6th of June, 1944,” May said.

“As the sun rose that morning,” she said, not one of the thousands of men arriving in Normandy “knew whether they would still be alive when the sun set once again.”

Passing on memories is especially urgent, with hundreds of World War II veterans now dying every day.

A group of five Americans parachuted into Normandy on Wednesday as part of a commemorative jump, and showed up on the beach Thursday morning still wearing their jumpsuits, all World War II-era uniforms, and held an American flag. All five said they fear that the feats and sacrifices of D-Day are being forgotten.

“I have all kinds of friends buried,” said William Tymchuk, 98, who served with the 4th Canadian Armored Division during some of the deadliest fighting of the brutal campaign after the Normandy landings.

“They were young. They got killed. They couldn’t come home,” Tymchuk, who was back in Normandy, continued.

“Sorry,” he said, tearing up. “They couldn’t even know what life is all about.”

The biggest-ever air and seaborne invasion took place on D-Day, involving more than 150,000 troops that day itself and many more in the ensuing Battle of Normandy. Troops started landing overnight from the air, then were joined by a massive force by sea on the beaches code-named Omaha, Utah, Juno, Sword and Gold, carried by 7,000 boats.

In that defining moment of military strategy confounded by unpredictable weather and human chaos, soldiers from the U.S., Britain, Canada and other Allied nations applied relentless bravery to carve out a beachhead on ground that Nazi Germany had occupied for four years.

“The tide has turned! The free men of the world are marching together to Victory,” Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower predicted in his order of the day.

The Battle of Normandy, codenamed Operation Overlord, hastened Germany’s defeat less than a year later.

Still, that single day cost the lives of 4,414 Allied troops, 2,501 of them Americans. More than 5,000 were injured. On the German side, several thousand were killed or wounded.

From there, Allied troops would advance their fight, take Paris in late summer and march in a race against the Soviet Red Army to control as much German territory as possible by the time Adolf Hitler died in his Berlin bunker and Germany surrendered in May 1945.

The Soviet Union also fought valiantly against the Nazis — and lost more people than any other nation in World War II — but those final battles would divide Europe for decades between the West and the Soviet-controlled East, the face-off line of the Cold War.

Sylvie Corbet in Colleville-sur-Mer, France and Milos Krivokapic and Adam Pemble in Ver-sur-Mer and Elaine Ganley in Paris contributed to this report.


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LAX welcomes ‘eco-friendly’ United Airlines flight powered by biofuel

LOS ANGELES — Los Angeles World Airports, the city agency that manages LAX, and United Airlines on Wednesday will welcome the arrival of “Flight for the Planet,” billed as the most “eco-friendly” commercial flight of its kind.

According to LAWA and the airline, the flight will use sustainable aviation biofuel and eliminate cabin waste while also being carbon-neutral.

United Airlines is slated to announce Wednesday, June 5, 2019, at LAX that it will purchase 10 million gallons of sustainable aviation biofuel. (Courtesy photo)
United Airlines is slated to announce Wednesday, June 5, 2019, at LAX that it will purchase 10 million gallons of sustainable aviation biofuel. (Courtesy photo)

The flight is scheduled to arrive at Terminal 7 at 1:21 p.m.

LAWA officials also intend to announce United’s expected purchase of 10 million gallons of sustainable aviation biofuel. United Airlines last year committed to reducing its carbon emissions by 50 percent by 2050.

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