The Green Bay Packers placed linebacker Krys Barnes and reserve quarterback Jordan Love on the reserve/COVID-19 list.
The list is for a player who has tested positive or has been in close contact with an infected person.
Barnes, who is asymptomatic, played in the Packers’ 34-17 victory over the San Francisco 49ers on Thursday night. Barnes left the game early with a calf injury. He has started seven of the eight games he has played in this season, totaling 49 tackles and a sack.
Love is not known to have tested positive but is a roommates with Barnes.
The Packers drafted Love in the first round out of Utah State while Barnes went undrafted before signing with the Packers after four years at UCLA. The rookies were also teammates Liberty High in Bakersfield.
Over two decades ago, California set a clear standard by passing a constitutional amendment that put the state on a path to towards true equality.
Proposition 209, passed by voters in 1996, adopted language from the 1964 Civil Rights Act to prohibit the state from discriminating against or giving preference to any individual or group on the basis race, sex, color, ethnicity or national origin in the areas of public employment, public contracts and public education admissions.
The Californians who voted to pass Prop. 209 knew that discrimination, though long entrenched in our society, is against the fundamental values of American culture. Prop. 209 applied to California the essence of Martin Luther King Jr.’s dream of a nation where individuals would be judged not by the color of their skin but by the content of their character.
Both morality and data prove that this merit-based approach is working in its most controversial application – college admissions – and aiding minorities in the state. Hoping California voters ignore this, politicians in Sacramento recently approved Assembly Constitutional Amendment 5 (ACA 5), a ballot initiative repealing Prop. 209 and ensuring a return to racial discrimination.
Prop. 209 allows college applicants to be judged by their accomplishments in high school or community college in the admissions process, not by the color of their skin, where they come from, or by their gender. Because of this, we have seen an increase in both enrollments and graduation rates in California’s public colleges and universities.
Since the passage of Prop. 209, University of California schools have seen higher graduation rates. In the first ten years of Prop. 209, Black graduation rates at UC Berkeley saw a 6.5 percent increase. At UC San Diego, graduation rates for Black students rose from 26 percent to 52 percent. At UC Santa Cruz and UC Riverside, Black enrollment had a dramatic increase, and grades by Black students increased significantly as well.
Across the UC system, the four-year graduation rate for Black freshmen rose to 38 percent in the six years following Prop 209, from 22 percent in the six years prior to its passage.
Latino enrollment also increased in the UC system from 11.3 percent in 1998 to 20.7 percent in 2010. And while four-year graduation rates averaged 27 percent for Latino freshmen in the six years prior to Prop. 209, they rose to 40 percent in the six years after.
Asian American enrollment saw about a 5 percent increase from 36.1 to 41.3 percent over the ten-year period following passage of Prop. 209, with the percentage dropping to 39.8 percent in 2010.
In a press release announcing the UC Board of Regents support for ACA 5, Board Chair John A. Perez said – without irony – “As we continue to explore all the University’s opportunities for action, I am proud UC endorsed giving California voters the chance to erase a stain, support opportunity and equality, and repeal Proposition 209.”
Proposition 209 did not eliminate discrimination altogether in California, and we still have much to do to fight racism. Yet the success of Prop. 209 toward race-neutral opportunity for all is anything but a “stain.”
The text of Prop. 209 reads: The state shall not discriminate against, or grant preferential treatment to, any individual or group on the basis of race, sex, color, ethnicity, or national origin in the operation of public employment, public education, or public contracting.
And it works, even though there is still more to do.
What we cannot and should not do, in our ultimate quest for equality, is to reinstate racial discrimination. Particularly when we’ve seen that a policy of non-discrimination is actually lifting up Black, Hispanic and Asian Americans.
Eliminating Prop. 209 will divide us further along racial lines. It will reverse decades of merit-based advancement for all and promote unequal treatment based on race in California. This division is exactly what we seek to eliminate in the United States.
Michelle Steel is the chairwoman of the Orange County Board of Supervisors.
Earlier this year, President Trump’s EPA opted to keep a regulatory standard imposed by President Obama’s EPA that aims to reduce amount of particulate matter emitted by industry.
These National Ambient Air Quality Standards, or NAAQS, have become a lightning rod issue for activists seeking to capitalize on the national apprehension around the COVID/Wuhan Virus crisis.
Surprisingly, many of the same voices who championed the Obama EPA’s 2012 NAAQS standards are now vocally opposed to them since they are being extended by a political rival. Even the head of the EPA under Obama – a person who certainly had the opportunity to change the current rule herself – is criticizing this move by the current EPA administrator.
NAAQS standards are designed to regulate pollutants that are common in outdoor air and are considered harmful to public health and the environment.
Exposure to a large amount of particulate matter pollution, especially if it persisted over a long period of time, could damage your lungs. But in the 50 years since the Clean Air Act was first enacted, air standards have gotten tougher and tougher, and our air has become cleaner and cleaner.
Indeed, annual concentrations of fine particulate matter in our air have decreased nearly 40 percent in just the last 20 years. Americans pay for that increased regulation in with depressed employment and higher prices. Despite the economic impacts, many would argue that the trade-offs justify a cleaner, more healthy environment.
In this case, however, the majority of outside scientists advising EPA did not find sufficient justification for changing the current standard.
Why not lower the standard and make the air even cleaner? The problem is that regulations cost money and that means they cost jobs. Take away jobs and you take away the quality of life – the ability to hope for a better life.
Regulation in the United States is expensive – about $10,000 per employee. For small businesses, the cost is even higher. The manufacturing sector bears the brunt of this cost with small businesses absorbing costs of nearly $35,000 per employee every year. The vast majority of those costs were from federal environmental regulations. Those costs prevent businesses from hiring new employees and investing in new opportunities.
The newly minted opponents of the Obama EPA particulate rule are now touting a Harvard University study that the opponents claim provides a link between deaths due to the Wuhan Virus and increased particulate matter pollution. But the Harvard study itself only argues for “continuing to enforce existing air pollution regulations,” which is exactly what EPA proposes to do here. Even if the study is later verified through a peer-review process, EPA is not proposing to loosen the standards for particulate emissions. Instead, the Obama-era rule will remain in effect.
Another factor that must be considered is the impact of the coronavirus. With state governments shutting down businesses for an extended period, what will the effect be of any new regulatory standard on the country as it struggles to recover from a massive economic disaster?
Because of the shutdown, more than 38 million Americans have lost their jobs. This does not include the self-employed or “gig-economy” workers. The unemployment rate is already the highest it has been since the Great Depression nearly a century ago. The current unemployment rate of nearly 15 percent is significantly higher than the great recession of 2007-2009. Nearly one-half of Americans are unemployed.
More regulation will not bring those jobs back. It will have the opposite effect. During its first 15 years that the Clean Air Act was in force, nearly 600,000 jobs were lost due to the new regulations. Those jobs were lost at a time we had a functioning economy. That is not the situation in which we currently find ourselves, however. The “stay-at-home” orders have hammered our nation’s economy, and nobody knows how long it will take to rebuild.
In December of 2019 we had an unemployment rate of 3.4 percent. Employers were having a difficult time finding employees to fill job openings. Today we have a complete reversal. Now people who want a job are having a hard time finding companies that are still in operation. More than 100,000 small businesses have permanently closed their doors. Many larger businesses have closed many of their locations and bankruptcy filings are on the rise.
Now is not the time to put more burdens on business. If anything, the federal government should be looking for ways to reduce the regulatory burden in order to get the economy moving again.
In this case, however, EPA is only proposing to maintain an Obama-era regulation that was lauded by environmental advocates at the time.
There is no new scientific consensus that the EPA under President Obama made a mistake in adopting the PM standards in 2012. EPA is right to reject calls to make those standards more stringent, particularly when the American economy is struggling to rebound from a historic calamity.
Anthony Caso is the director of the Claremont Institute’s Constitutional Jurisprudence Clinic at Chapman University, Fowler School of Law.
Perhaps all Californians can agree, after more than three months of living under a state of emergency that has devastated the state’s economy and treasury, that state constitutional provisions regarding emergency powers need a few tweaks.
Unfortunately, a proposed state constitutional amendment now under consideration in the Legislature would worsen what we have already seen is the risk of unaccountable and secretive government overreach in an emergency.
Assembly Constitutional Amendment 25, authored by Speaker Pro Tem Kevin Mullin, D-San Mateo, would allow remote voting by lawmakers during a state of emergency and proxy voting if the state of emergency prevents the member from “safely attending the proceeding in person.”
Further, the measure would change the rules for a quorum. If one-fifth or more of the members of the Senate or Assembly could not attend because they are deceased, disabled or “missing,” bills could be passed by a simple majority of those members able to attend.
Because the terms “emergency” and “missing” are not narrowly defined, there is a concerning vulnerability to abusive practices. “State of emergency” is said to mean “the existence of conditions of disaster or of extreme peril to the safety of persons and property within the State, or parts thereof.” That covers a lot of ground, from the fear of a possible global pandemic to a local flood. “Missing” could mean anything from lost in a natural disaster to visiting another state to get a haircut.
ACA 25 was prompted by legislative pique that Gov. Gavin Newsom was issuing dozens of executive orders during the coronavirus state of emergency and signing contracts that committed the state to hundreds of millions of dollars in spending, with no transparency or legislative oversight. These are valid concerns.
It certainly makes sense to allow lawmakers to vote remotely during an emergency when travel to the state Capitol in Sacramento may be difficult or impossible. Proxy voting is more problematic. The constituents of an elected representative have the right to expect that their interests will be actively represented by the person they elected, not by a person designated to cast votes on behalf of their representatives.
A form of unofficial proxy voting has caused problems before. Tim Anaya of Pacific Research Institute pointed out that in the Assembly, lawmakers sometimes reach over and press the voting button for a seatmate who is away from the desk, a practice that draws little attention unless the vote is cast in opposition to that member’s position on a bill. In 2008, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that then-Assemblyman Kevin de Leon cast such a contrary “ghost” vote for Assemblywoman Mary Hayashi.
It’s not difficult to imagine that with a long list of bills to consider, the chaos of remote and proxy voting would decrease transparency to the point that the public was unable to determine what legislation was being passed and whether their representative supported or opposed it.
Any constitutional amendment revising emergency powers should include protections against abuse, including a precise definition of when an emergency has ended.
ACA 25 has already passed the Assembly and is under consideration in the Senate, where it would need a two-thirds vote to be placed on the ballot for voter approval. Lawmakers should slow down and consider more fully how best to revise emergency powers to maintain the operations of government during a disaster.
The Great Recession that hit California 13 years ago had a devastating effect on the state budget.
General fund revenues — principally personal income taxes paid by affluent Californians — dropped by about 20% and to maintain basic services, the Legislature and then-Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger ran up deficits and covered them with borrowed money.
They shifted money from special funds, such as highway construction and maintenance, to prop up the general fund portion of the budget, and they triggered temporary cuts in state aid to schools, among other tactics.
When Jerry Brown returned to the governorship in 2011 he confronted what he called a “wall of debt” more than $30 billion high. Eventually, all of the borrowed money was repaid.
This history frames what is about to happen to the state budget because of the COVID-19 pandemic. Countless businesses have been shut down to battle the spread of the coronavirus, millions of jobs have been erased at least temporarily and countless billions of dollars have been wiped from stock market accounts and other investments.
The $222.2 billion 2020-21 budget that Gov. Gavin Newsom proposed in January, containing substantial increases in spending on education, health care and social services, has now been set aside. Newsom’s staff is working on a revised version to be unveiled in mid-May.
“The economic disruption from the pandemic is expected to result in a recession and have significant negative effects on state revenues,” Newsom’s Department of Finance said in a preliminary overview in mid-April. “Concurrently, the drop in the stock market may cause further revenue declines.
“This impact is expected to be immediate, affecting fiscal year 2019-20, and will continue into fiscal year 2020-21 and additional years depending on the pace of recovery of local, state and national economies.”
How bad will the “significant negative effects” be? A passage in the back pages of the budget says that a moderate recession would likely reduce general revenues by $25 billion a year. This recession isn’t moderate and could easily surpass the Great Recession in severity.
Moreover, the state is now markedly more dependent on personal income taxes than it was during the Great Recession, especially levies on the highest-income Californians whose taxable incomes are the most volatile.
The Legislature’s budget analyst, Gabriel Petek, has told lawmakers, “The state now faces a budget problem, potentially a significant one” and estimated a near-term deficit as high as $35 billion, eventually reaching $85 billion.
A $35 billion drop would be 23% of the revenue previously estimated for the 2020-21 general fund and it might be a conservative figure, given the budget’s estimate of a $25 billion impact from a moderate recession. Even so, $35 billion is twice what the state has squirreled away in its emergency reserve accounts.
State officials estimate that fighting the pandemic will cost about $7 billion, most of which will likely be reimbursed by the federal government, albeit with borrowed money. Nevertheless, the state would still see a heavy hit on non-pandemic spending — unless Congress and President Donald Trump give state and local governments substantial no-strings relief.
The revised budget that Newsom will propose this month, and the one the Legislature will enact by June 15, will be nothing more than preliminary guesses, since the fuller extent of the fiscal crisis won’t emerge until after the July 15 income tax filing deadline.
The budget will be revised more or less continuously thereafter as both the pandemic and the economy evolve. It will be bad, but until it happens we won’t know the depth of the fiscal damage.
CalMatters is a public interest journalism venture committed to explaining how California’s state Capitol works and why it matters. For more stories by Dan Walters, go to calmatters.org/commentary
In the Declaration of Independence, the Founding Fathers promised, “Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”
We are to enjoy these rights via a government that derives its power from the “consent of the governed.” But what happens when the governed withdraw their consent?
Two words: repression or rebellion.
After last weekend’s “Beach Blanket Biohazard” in Orange County, California Gov. Gavin Newsom took the velvet glove off the iron fist of government. Newsom ordered all O.C. beaches closed. Worse still, the governor closed the parking lots, which is practically a hate crime in California.
Until now, most of the unprecedented stay-at-home orders have been voluntary. Newsom, Dr. Fauci, and even the president made the case for social-distancing and self-quarantining and the public overwhelmingly agreed. 50 days later, with typical Southern California sunshine and temps returning after a month of Seattle South, the “consent of the governed” is beginning to fray.
So, Newsom has put the COP in Coppertone.
The governor believes sun-worshipers flaunted social-distancing rules. He’s right, of course, because as every Beach Bum knows, it takes two to tan. Not even a Cirque du Soleil acrobat can smear SPF-50 on their own back. Sunbathers clumped together for selfies and sandcastles putting themselves and everyone else at risk.
Opponents of the governor pin the blame for last weekend’s crowds on the state itself, arguing if Newsom would open all the beaches, Californians would have 840-miles of coastline to social-distance in. This is great rhetoric; the only problem is we’ve seen what our beaches look like when there isn’t a quarantine. Californians go to the beach the way Germans went to France. It’s what we do. Unless Newsom is willing to arrest tens of thousands, the beaches will be full.
In free societies, citizens chose their leaders. If our government goes in a direction we don’t like, we have the right to elect new leaders. Gavin Newsom will be judged at the polls for the decisions he makes today. Donald Trump will face the voters in November.
In totalitarian societies, there is no mechanism for change; the jackboot comes down hard, crushing malcontents. From Tiananmen to Treblinka, history is littered with the corpses of those who dared stand up to abusive power. Closing the beaches in California during a pandemic is not setting up death camps; it’s the opposite, an attempt to save lives and restore normality to civic life. Still, even the most benign governments resort to coercive measures.
Most people are not wrestling with the philosophic or constitutional implications of coronavirus; they simply don’t want to get sick or see their moms or dads die because some guy somewhere wants his mullet trimmed. Still, there are serious legal and philosophical issues at stake here. What happens next time or the time after that?
It’s up to each of us to decide how much authority we’re willing to cede to government in order to fight COVID-19. 100 years ago, we gave up a lot. During the Spanish Flu pandemic, theaters closed, large public gatherings were banned, you couldn’t leave or enter New York without a travel permit issued by the mayor, and 50 million plus still died. We’re trying not to have history repeat itself.
We humans are social animals. We need to eat. That means we need jobs to buy groceries and pay rent because landlords need tenets to cover their mortgages. Mayors and governors need taxpayers to pay for services. And we need room to play outdoors.
We need concerts and theater and sports and a day at the beach. Everyone wants this disaster to go away yesterday. Yet, nobody knows with certainty when that will be. The cost of this shutdown has been staggering. The cost of opening prematurely and triggering a second wave will be worse. For this reason, I’m willing to trust the experts, to follow their guidelines, to wear a mask and avoid unnecessary trips, and do all the things I’ve been asked to do in order to flatten the curve. You will do what you chose to do.
In Ireland, they shut down the pubs on the eve of St. Patrick’s Day. They may not reopen until 2021. Can you imagine? The pub is an Irishman’s beach. It ain’t just us.
Doug McIntyre’s column appears Sundays. He can be reached at: Doug@DougMcIntyre.com.
USA Water Polo and the CIF-Southern Section have discussed the revised schedule for the Junior Olympics, which for girls in the older age divisions in Southern California will conflict with their high school season in December.
The U.S. federation moved its Junior Olympics to November and December from its regular summer spot because of the coronavirus crisis.
The 16 and 18-and-under divisions for the boys and girls have been re-booked for Dec. 27-30 in Irvine and throughout Orange County. The date conflicts with the girls high school season in the Southern, San Diego and Los Angeles sections, where girls play from about mid-November through most of February.
“We’ve begun discussions (with the CIF-SS),” USA Water Polo CEO Chris Ramsey said this week. “It was very cordial. It was a great appreciation of how we have traditionally worked together and been great partners and we were going to approach this challenge in the same light.
“There’s been fair and frank discussions but it’s not resolved yet. I think part of that is we just need to see a little bit more, and they to see a little bit more, about what’s going to happen in the fall.”
The start of the fall sports season — which includes boys water polo — remains a hot topic in high school sports. The spring sports season was cancelled because of the coronavirus pandemic and schools physically closed for the remainder of the academic year to focus on on-line or distance learning.
The boys water polo season ends in late November.
But the schedule conflict for the girls also appears to bring CIF State bylaw 600 into play. The rule prohibits athletes from playing for an outside team in the same sport during their current high school season.
CIF-SS assistant commissioner Thom Simmons said this week that the section is working with USA Water Polo and the CIF State office on the scheduling conflict, which he added will have an “extremely negative impact” on the high school water polo season.
“It is our hope that the decision made by USA Water Polo will be reconsidered in the best interests of student-athletes, coaches and our high school water polo programs,” Simmons said.
Ramsey said in rescheduling the Junior Olympics, USA Water Polo responded to the desire of its clubs that the Junior Olympics be played. Financial reasons weren’t the driving factor for the revised schedule, he said.
The younger age divisions for boys and girls — 10, 12 and 14-and-under — have been moved to Nov. 21-24 at Stanford.
Ramsey acknowledged that clubs and federations across the nation could face hurdles with the dates, travel and regulations.
“The overwhelming message we got was please try to have Junior Olympics,” he said. “We recognize that it may be a different participation matrix than we’re used to but we’re still hopeful that everyone who wants to participate will be able to participate.”
Ramsey added that the Junior Olympics will also feel different simply because of the coronavirus crisis, which could cancel the event if health conditions don’t improve in Southern California.
“I actually believe even if it’s significantly lower participation at these new dates (for Junior Olympics), this can fulfill very meaningful community purpose,” he said. “More of a festival purpose for us. A bringing the sport and everyone back together again to remind themselves the value of the sport in their lives.”
Kobe Bryant represented different things to millions of people around the world.
To Orange County’s small and close-knit girls basketball community, he symbolized inspiration, friendship, mentorship, hope and pure wonder that they could literally touch.
The Lakers’ legend was one of them.
So it was with heavy hearts and after shedding tears that players and coaches remembered Bryant after he and his daughter Gianna were among nine people who died Sunday in a helicopter crash in Calabasas.
“Kobe Bryant was an inspiration and someone who I looked up to,” Tustin junior guard Alyssa Norada said. “Growing up, I used to watch his highlights before bed or watch them before games, trying to learn how to perfect a signature move.”
Like so many in Orange County girls basketball, Norada also spent time with Bryant, 41, in person. He coached Gianna, 13, on the Orange County-based Mambas, an elite travel basketball team consisting of eighth graders.
The team also included Alyssa Altobelli, another 13-year-old who died in the crash along with her parents, Orange Coast College baseball coach John Altobelli and Keri.
Christina Mauser, Bryant’s top assistant on the Mambas and a former standout at Edison, also died in the crash along with Sarah and Payton Chester and the pilot.
“It’s tragic,” said a shaken Dave White, who coached Mauser in basketball at Edison under maiden last name, Patterson. “I’m devastated.”
The Mambas played throughout Orange County, which means there were numerous Kobe sightings.
From American Sports Center in Anaheim to Santiago High School to Vanguard University to Mater Dei, Bryant attracted crowds to games that usually didn’t garner much attention. He posed for photos with young players, some of whom just rushed him for a hug.
“He was so generous with his team,” Mater Dei girls basketball coach Kevin Kiernan said. “He was just amazing.”
But Kiernan said the wonder extended beyond the photos. He gave young players from other teams pep talks and pats on the back.
Bryant did just that in January 2019 when he brought the Mambas to watch Mater Dei play and spoke to the Monarchs afterward. He gave the players a few tips but more than anything, encouragement.
“It’s the words behind the pictures,” Kiernan said. “That’s huge.”
Esperanza girls basketball coach Jimmy Valverde struck up a friendship with Bryant after interacting with him about two years while coaching with the O.C. Rhythm travel team.
Bryant shared with Valverde that he had a scheduling conflict at a tournament and asked if Valverde’s team could play the Mambas earlier than expected and without rest. Valverde agreed and the coaches shared a laugh.
The next time Valverde saw Bryant, the legendary player called the him over for a chat, much to amazement of Valverde’s parents in the gym.
“I feel like a lost a friend,” Valverde said Sunday. “He was just a nice guy. … There was no ego. He was just there for his daughter and the kids.”
But Bryant’s Mambas weren’t entirely like other teams.
Rhythm coach Vernon Henderson said the Mambas were not strong when they initially formed but followed Bryant’s tenacity to develop into a powerhouse. The trained seven days a week, played against older teams and expertly ran the triangle offense, which the opposition often had no answer for.
“They were seasoned,” Henderson said.
Henderson also noticed Bryant doing something different than many coaches. He hardly yelled at his players.
“He was always teaching,” Henderson said.
Henderson said Bryant’s example and a discussion with the five-time NBA champion made him a better coach.
“I can’t stop crying,” Henderson said.
Bryant enjoyed coaching so much, he planned to coach Gianna and other players off the Mambas at Sage Hill.
Sage Hill coach Kerwin Walters was too upset Sunday to talk.
“They had a plan,” Henderson said. “They were going to be 1-2 in the county by their freshmen year.”
But the hope wasn’t limited to one school. The Bryants’ arrival on the county girls basketball scene was going to be bring a new-level of exposure that would benefit the sport, coaches said.
And more players would be inspired.
“Kobe was the definition of someone who was born ready,” Norada said. “He prepared, he worked and went after his goals and didn’t stop until he achieved them. He will always be one of my biggest inspirations and role models.”